2017-08-16编辑: Eileen来自: 环球教育

  What comes to mind when we speak of cultural exports from China to the United States?


  Bruce Lee, the giant panda, or kung fu?


  Without a doubt, these cultural symbols are successful exports of Chinese culture, but another form of Chinese culture widely known in the US is Chinese cuisine.


  Many types of local snacks, all deeply loved in China, are taking over the streets of America. Some were modified to suit to Americans' tastes, while others retain the traditional taste of China.


  Here are just some of them.


  Pai huang gua (smashed cucumbers)


    In a report titled Smashed cucumber salad takes Manhattan, The New York Times praised the method of smashing cucumbers in making salads as a completely new way to eat a cucumber.


  As the latest trend in New York this summer, smashed cucumbers and "their craggy edges and rough surfaces absorb flavors and form relationships in seconds," as opposed to sliced cucumbers, which tend to "shrug" off the dressing.


  "It's cool how just changing the way you break down an ingredient completely changes the way it feels and tastes," said Danny Bowien, the chef at Mission Chinese Food on the Lower East Side.

  丹尼?鲍温是曼哈顿下东区龙山小馆(Mission Chinese Food)的主厨,他表示“你添加调料的方法不同,会导致食物的口感和味道也不同,这非常奇妙。”

  The traditional Chinese cucumber salad, or pai huang gua, is dressed with a vinaigrette of soy sauce, rice or black vinegar, chopped garlic, sugar and sesame oil. In North and West China, where spicy foods are preferred, chili oil or Sichuan peppercorns are added for that extra kick.


  Smashed cucumbers have long been found in Chinese restaurants in New York, but they have branched into other types of cuisine this summer. At Mr. Bowien's Mexican-influenced restaurant Mission Cantina, they are served with an intensely flavored dressing of lime, cumin and oregano-flavored sesame paste. At the Japanese restaurant Untitled, they are served with buckwheat noodles, baby turnips and tuna tartare.

  拍黄瓜在纽约中餐馆里的历史其实已经不短了,但这道菜在这个夏天发展成好几种美味。在鲍温的另一家具有墨西哥风情的小馆Mission Cantina,拍黄瓜搭配的调料味道很强烈,有酸橙、茴香和牛至叶粉口味的芝麻酱。而在日本料理店“无题”内,和拍黄瓜一起端上桌的还有荞麦面、嫩芜菁和金枪鱼鞑靼。

  At Superiority Burgers, the cucumbers are mixed with tangy yogurt and jalapeno honey and sprinkled with crushed sesame breadsticks, a form that the traditional Chinese dish has never taken before.

  在“上等汉堡”店(Superiority Burgers)内,厨师将拍黄瓜与气味扑鼻的酸奶和墨西哥胡椒蜂蜜混合,再撒上掰碎的长棍芝麻面包,创造出这种与中餐截然不同的小吃。

  "There's something about the roughness, and the variety of shapes and sizes, that you get with smashing that is incredibly satisfying," said Julia Goldberg, a sous-chef who created the recipe alongside Brooks Headley, chef and owner of Superiority Burger.


  Jian bing (grilled savory crepe)


  Jian bing, a form of grilled savory crepe with stuffing, is a popular dish in North China. The mung-bean-and-millet crepe is often made on a well-heated pan. Freshly scrambled egg, pickled vegetables, scallions, cilantro, black bean paste, chili sauce and a crispy fried crackers (the secret that adds a crunch to the crepe) are added on the crepe and rolled up. Often sold by street vendors, Jian bing is a popular choice for breakfast for on-the-go commuters.


  Alisa Grandy, the owner of Bing Mi!, fell in love with the snack when she returned to Portland from her trip in China.

  艾丽莎?格兰迪是Bing Mi的店主,在她从中国旅游回到波特兰以后,她对煎饼的爱就一发不可收拾。

  "When she got back from China, that's all she would talk about," says her husband Neal. Grandy spent months perfecting the right mix of ingredients to recreate the exact taste she enjoyed in China. Six months later, the couple opened a store. Business is good, as they've already got two crepe-makers on back order.


  Bing Mi! sells a piece of jian bing for $6. In fact, it is the only item that they sell. According to Grandy's husband, Chinese customers nostalgic for the taste of home have given their compliments.

  Bing Mi!的煎饼每个售价6美元。事实上,他们只卖煎饼。格兰迪的丈夫称,因思乡而来品尝故乡味道的中国顾客称赞了他们做的煎饼。


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