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雅思口语

雅思口语写作中常见的那些同义词

2018-10-25

来源:环球教育

小编:长安 173
摘要:

  我们都知道,同义词的使用,在雅思的听说读写中都有着举足轻重的作用。一个人的口语或者写作好不好,也会经常看他/她能否很好地运用同义词。但是往往很多人会陷入一个使用误区,就是拿我们中文的意思来判断同义词之间是否相近,是否可以在某个情况下使用另外一个同义词,但是这往往会引来一些中式英语的错误。所以在这一系列文章中,宁波环球教育黄河清老师会为大家辨析一下在雅思口语写作中常见的那些同义词。


  同义词对比:公司

  「firm」这个词和我们最常见的「company」相比,主要是指哪些提供服务的公司,而非那些生产产品的公司。

  -a company, especially one that provides a service rather than producing goods

  *e.g. a law firm | a firm of accountants

  「business」我们说「a business」可以说是一个公司,但是往往这个公司的规模比较小,只有几个员工。

  -a company - often used when talking about a company that employs only a small number of people

  *e.g. he set up her own catering business.

  「corporation」往往指的就是那种「大型企业」了,其中包含了好几个子公司。

  -a large company that often includes several smaller companies

  *e.g. IBM is one of the biggest corporations in the world.

  「 multinational」这个指的就是「跨国企业」了,业务分布在好几个国家

  -a very large company with offices in many different countries

  *e.g. American multinationals are establishing research and development facilities across the developing world.

  「subsidiary」这个词指的是「子公司」这个概念

  -a company that is owned by a larger company

  *e.g. The company runs its New York operations through a US subsidiary.

  同义词对比:摆放

  「put」很简单,就是把某件东西摆放在一个地方

  -to move something to a particular place

  *e.g. I've put the wine in the fridge.

  「place」则是比「put」多了一层「小心」,小心地把某样东西放在一个地方

  -to put something somewhere carefully

  *e.g. 'It's beautiful,' he said, placing it back on the shelf.

  「lay」我们熟悉的含义是「躺下」,而这里则是指「把一件东西小心地放在一个平面上」

  -to put someone or something down carefully on a flat surface

  *e.g. He laid all the money on the table.

  *e.g. She laid the baby on his bed.

  「position」这个词的意思就更加丰富了,是指「小心地把某样东西安放在合适的位置」

  -to carefully put something in a suitable position

  *e.g. Position the microphone to suit your height.

  *e.g. Troops were positioned around the city.

  「slip」这个词会复杂一些,从「滑,溜」这个动作引申过来,表示「迅速而不被注意地放置」;有的时候,也可以指「把某样东西偷偷给某人」

  -If you slip something somewhere, you put it there quickly in a way that does not attract at-tention.

  *e.g. I slipped a note under Louise's door

  *e.g. He slipped his arm around her waist.

  「shove」指一种「随便放,随便丢」的动作

  -to put something into a space or container quickly or carelessly

  *e.g. Shove anything you don't want in that sack.

  「dump」则是指「把某物以一种不小心,邋遢的方式放在某地」,可以在例句中仔细体会

  -to put something down somewhere in a careless and untidy way

  *e.g. Don't just dump all your bags in the kitchen.

  *e.g. People shouldn't dump rubbish at the side of the street.


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